Urban Heat Islands
One consequence of the projected effects of climate change is the increase in the intensity, frequency, and duration of heatwaves. Extreme heat is responsible for more deaths than any other form of severe weather, and the urban heat island effect makes cities even hotter than surrounding rural areas. Both urban planners and public health/emergency respondents need tools to understand the heat distribution in cities in order to (1) build cooler, more heat resilient cities, and (2) prevent and protect the most vulnerable from the health effects of extreme heat. KM, with Health Canada, used satellite imagery to calculate a predictive model of surface temperature maps of urban Ontario, and made them available as the Urban Heat Module in PHIMS, to provide the information needed to promote heat adaptation in our communities.